About Central Mongolia

4 Attractions & Itineraries

Central Mongolia is a region in Mongolia that contains the capital of modern Mongolia and the ruins of capital of the Mongol Empire. Central mongolia’s provinces, Bayanhongor, Uburhangai, Arhangai, Tuv are the most visited areas in countryside. Landscapes are broken by the forested hillsides of the Khankhentii range, meandering rivers such as the Tuul. The people, mostly comprising the khalkh majority. In this region some protected areas such as Graet gobi strictly protected area, Khangai mountain range, Khorgo-White Lake of Terkh, Gobi gurvan saikhan national conservation park, Noyonkhangai mountain natural reserve, Batkhaan mountain natural reserve.



Khugnu Khaan Natural Reserve is mountains, forests, steppes, Gobi desert and mineral water sources all in one location represents three different natural zones. Around area is nice place to hiking, climbing. This 80-km sand dune is situated in a terrain of three provinces, Tuv, Uvurkhangai, and Bulgan provinces, starting from west of Mount Batkhaan and stretches along west of Mount Khugnu Khan . The main road separates this sand dune into two parts, Mongol Els on the south and Khugnu Tarnyn Els on the north.


The lake is 1337 meters above sea level and surface area is 25 square kilometers. Average depth is 6.64 meters in some section is 15.3 meter It is known as the one of the best lakes for fishing which is very rich of pike and catfish. Also it is enthusiastic for swimming, sunbathing, and horse riding around the lake. The fish population is represented by pike, catfish, barscharten, which are the most common types providing enough fish for industrial fishing. Fifty to eighty tons are caught annually. Among the birds, it is not rare to spot at Swan Goose, White Spoonbill and Dalmatian Pelican. Women are not allowed to enter and swim in the lake, since it is a sacred lake.


The waterfall was formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes about 20,000 years ago. This 10m-wide waterfall cascading from height of 20m is situated 132km from Karakorum, Uvurkhangai province. There is also a small waterfall, called Baga Khurkhree /Small Waterfall/ northwest from Orkhon waterfall.


Taikhar chuluu is situated 22km from Tsetserleg on a bank of Khoid Tamir River in Ikh tamir small town, Arkhangai province. It is 18m-high cliff of granite. This cliff was formed by separating from the river bank due to millions of years’ continual flow of Khoid Tamir River through granite cape on its northern bank. Over 150 inscriptions in various scripts including Turkic, Uighar, Mongolian, Tibetan, Manchu and Chinese were engraved on the cliff, but most of them seem to have barely appeared as time passes. About 70 of them are in Mongolian script and the 15th-17th century’s Mongolian state officials’ name such as Khuukhai Dayu of Oirad, Tsogt Huntaij of Kalkh can be read.


Extinct volcanic craters, pine-clad lava fields and the occasional herd of grazing yaks, the Great White Lake, as it’s known in English, is the natural highlight of Arkhangai province. This extinct volcano erupted about 8000 years ago is situated on a Terkh lakeshore in Arkhangai province. The volcano is 2210 m above sea level. Rocks and canyons around the mountain are odd in shape and caves in it provide many shelters. The volcano crater with a width of 200 m, depth of 70-80 m and a slope of 30-36 degree is on extreme north.

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