Mongolia is bird paradise
Now more than 486 species of birds have been recorded in Mongolia. More than 250 species are migratory, traveling to and from Mongolia for its excellent breeding and feeding grounds from as far afield as Pacific and Indian Oceans to the Mediterranean Sea and to the Arctic Ocean and northern tundra. Among both migratory and non-migratory birds found in the Mongolia, dozens are classified as rare or exotic. Species endemic to Mongolia and the wider Central Asian region include the Altai Snowcock (Tetraogallus altaica) and Kozlov’s Accentor (Prunella kozlovi), and a number of world and regionally endangered species such as White-naped Crane (Grus vipio), Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha), Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos), Great Bustard (Otus tarda), Eurasian Black or Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus), Dalmation Pelican (Pelicanus crispus), Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni), Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia),Relict Gull (Larus relictus), Swan Goose (Cygnopsis cygnoides), and Bearded Vulture or Lammergeyer (Gypaetus barbatus)
Day 1. Ulaanbaatar
Arrive in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. You’ll be greeted at the airport and transferred to hotel. We will have relaxed in hotel. We will have welcome dinner in a restaurant.
Day 2. Khustai National Park
In the morning drive to Khustai National Park. 46 mammals, 172 birds, 2 amphibians, 3 reptile, 16 fish, and over 289 insect species have been recorded in the park. On the way to the park, we will see Mongolian Lark, Greater Short-toed Lark, Pere David’s Snow Finch and Small Snow finch, soaring Upland Buzzard, Saker Falcon, and Steppe Eagles along the hill side. We will have lunch in the park restaurant. After lunch, we will drive to the Khustai National Park Research Center to meet with a researcher of the park and visit the wonderful birding sites of the park. Saker Falcons, Upland Buzzards, Eurasian Hobby, Amur Falcons, Golden Eagles, Black Vultures, Lesser Kestrels, Daurian Jackdaws, Rock Sparrows, Meadow Buntings are fairly common there. Also we will see Przewalskii’s horse (Equus przewalskii), named “takhi” by Mongolian and other wild animals. The equality of the various ecosystems within the park assures an abundant wildlife.
Day 3. Ugii lake
Drive to Ugii lake. We will explore shore of the lake and see Swan Geese, Black-throated Loon, Bar-headed Goose, Common and White-naped Crane, breeding Waders, Common Tern, Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow amongst many others. This site gives us the greatest opportunity to see Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Relict Gull and White-tailed Eagle.
Day 4. Kharakhorum town
After breakfast bird watching around Ugii lake. After lunch drive to Kharakhorum which was ancient capital of Mongolian Empire in 13th century. We will visit the largest monastery, named “Erdene Zuu” by Mongolian and local museum where see the Great Mongol Empire, Stone Age, Bronze Age. Also we will see phallic and turtle rocks. On the way we will see some birds such as Steppe raptors, Isabelline Wheatear, Short-toed Larks, Mongolian Larks, and Demoiselle Crane. In autumn we will see hundreds Demoiselle Crane cranes near the Kharakhorum.
Day 5. Ongi monastery
Early morning drive to Ongiin Khiid/monastery/. Formerly one of the largest monasteries in Mongolia, it was founded in 1660 and consisted of two temples complexes on the North and South of the Ongi Gol river. It was completely destroyed in 1939. We will see Pallas’s Sand grouse, Desert Warbler, and Desert Wheatear and more…
Day 6. Bayanzag
In the morning drive to Bayan Zag. It means “rich in saxaul shrubs” is more common known as the Flaming Cliffs. It was formed 60-70 million years ago. The area is most famous for the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. We will see Pallas’s Sand grouse, Desert Warbler, nesting Great Grey Shrike and Isabel line Shrike
Day 7. Khongor sand dunes
Drive to “Khongor” sand dunes. On the way we will pass Bayan mountain which is home of wild animals and birds. Defending on our luck we will see Lammergeier. The shifting dunes is 180 km long, 400 m hight, 20 km wide. The dunes surrounded by higher mountains and bordered lush green vegetation. Local people named “Singing dune” When the wind blows over the dunes it makes strange sound like high pitched tone of an air plane. We will see Sparrows and Common Sandpiper, Ruddy Shelduck, Great Grey Shrike, Isabelline Shrike, Pallas’s Sandgrouse, Asian Desert Warbler, Desert Wheatear, Mongolian Finch.
Day 8. Khongor sand dunes
After breakfast, you will visit nomadic family. You will ride a camel three hours to sand dunes. Have shower.
Day 9. Dungenee valley
Drive to Dungeneen am. The valley is surrounded by high cliffs with ground spring. At midday, many small birds arrive at spring to drink water. There will be Mongolian Ground Jay, Chukar, Mongolian Finch, White-winged Snow Finch, Black Redstart, Beautiful Rosefinch, Wall Creeper, Mongolian Accentor, Alpine Accentor and soaring raptors such as Bearded Vulture, Himalayan Griffon, Golden Eagle, Saker Falcon
Day 10. Vulture valley
Drive to ”Three beauty mountains” National Park. The mountains are most easterly points of the Altai mountain complex and the highest peak is 2815 meter above sea level. A number of rare plants and animals are found in the park, including the elusive snow leopard, wild goat/ibex/, wild sheep/argali/. We will explore Yoliin Am (Vulture Valley). You will visit local musuem and walk to end of valley. It is wonderfully picturesque place with ice even in summer, and surrounded by sheer rocky walls, forming incredible canyons. We will see Mongolian Finch, White-winged Snow Finch, Black Redstart, Common and Beautiful Rosefinch, Wall Creeper, Mongolian Accentor, Alpine Accentor Bearded Vulture, Twitter and Wall creeper
Day 11. Tsagaan suvraga
After breakfast drive to Tsagaan suvraga(White Stupa). The name is given by local people to the impressive and legendary cliff which is eroded by natural phenomenon. It is located junction of middle gobi and south gobi provinces. Having 10 million years history, the cliff indicates different times by its colored layers. Tsagaan Suvraga(White Stupa)is interesting to see the sheer slope, facing east, which from a distance seems to be the ruins of the ancient city. Mongolia people found fossilized con shells, print of sea plans from here. We will see falcons in the mountain.
Day 12.Baga gazriin chuluu
Early morning drive to Baga gazriin chuluu. The highest one is 15 km long and 10 km wide granite stone-mountain elevated at 1768m above sea level. There are also over 20 kinds of medical herbs like burnet, many kinds of world rare animals like marmot, ibex and mountain sheep. Also you can see petro glyphs, burial mounds and ruin of temple. The mountain home of Saker Falcons, Upland Buzzards, Eurasian Hobby, Amur Falcons, Golden Eagles, Black Vultures, Lesser Kestrels, Daurian Jackdaws, Rock Sparrows.
Day 13. Zorgol Khairkhan
Drive to Zorgol Khairkhan, one of sacred mountain in Mongolia. The mountain noted “Secret history of Mongolian”. It has many caves and water springs. Lucky visitors may see wild animals like mountain goats, ibex and Golden eagles, Alpine Accentor Bearded Vulture, Twitter and Wall creeper.
Day 14. Ulaanbaatar
Today we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar city. Farewell dinner at a local restaurant.
Day 15. Departure
Transfer to the Chinggis Khaan International Airport. Departure from Mongolia