Central Mongolia

Central Mongolia

Things to do - general

Central Mongolia is a region in Mongolia that contains the capital of modern Mongolia and the ruins of capital of the Mongol Empire. Central mongolia’s provinces, Bayanhongor, Uburhangai, Arhangai, Tuv are the most visited areas in countryside. Landscapes are broken by the forested hillsides of the Khankhentii range, meandering rivers such as the Tuul. The people, mostly comprising the khalkh majority. In this region some protected areas such as Graet gobi strictly protected area, Khangai mountain range, Khorgo-White Lake of Terkh, Gobi gurvan saikhan national conservation park, Noyonkhangai mountain natural reserve, Batkhaan mountain natural reserve.

 

 

Country Mongolia
Languages spokenMongolia
Currency usedMongolian Tugrug
Area (km2)47920091.29 hectare

Sports & nature

KHUGNU KHAAN NATURAL RESERVE Khugnu Khaan Natural Reserve is mountains, forests, steppes, Gobi desert and mineral water sources all in one location represents three different natural zones. Around area is nice place to hiking, climbing. This 80-km sand dune is situated in a terrain of three provinces, Tuv, Uvurkhangai, and Bulgan provinces, starting from west of Mount Batkhaan and stretches along west of Mount Khugnu Khan . The main road separates this sand dune into two parts, Mongol Els on the south and Khugnu Tarnyn Els on the north. UGII LAKE The lake is 1337 meters above sea level and surface area is 25 square kilometers. Average depth is 6.64 meters in some section is 15.3 meter It is known as the one of the best lakes for fishing which is very rich of pike and catfish. Also it is enthusiastic for swimming, sunbathing, and horse riding around the lake. The fish population is represented by pike, catfish, barscharten, which are the most common types providing enough fish for industrial fishing. Fifty to eighty tons are caught annually. Among the birds, it is not rare to spot at Swan Goose, White Spoonbill and Dalmatian Pelican. Women are not allowed to enter and swim in the lake, since it is a sacred lake. ORKHON WATERFALL The waterfall was formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes about 20,000 years ago. This 10m-wide waterfall cascading from height of 20m is situated 132km from Karakorum, Uvurkhangai province. There is also a small waterfall, called Baga Khurkhree /Small Waterfall/ northwest from Orkhon waterfall. TAIKHAR CHULUU taikharTaikhar chuluu is situated 22km from Tsetserleg on a bank of Khoid Tamir River in Ikh tamir small town, Arkhangai province. It is 18m-high cliff of granite. This cliff was formed by separating from the river bank due to millions of years’ continual flow of Khoid Tamir River through granite cape on its northern bank. Over 150 inscriptions in various scripts including Turkic, Uighar, Mongolian, Tibetan, Manchu and Chinese were engraved on the cliff, but most of them seem to have barely appeared as time passes. About 70 of them are in Mongolian script and the 15th-17th century’s Mongolian state officials’ name such as Khuukhai Dayu of Oirad, Tsogt Huntaij of Kalkh can be read. KHORGO TERKHIIN TSAGAAN NUUR NATIONAL PARK terhExtinct volcanic craters, pine-clad lava fields and the occasional herd of grazing yaks, the Great White Lake, as it’s known in English, is the natural highlight of Arkhangai province. This extinct volcano erupted about 8000 years ago is situated on a Terkh lakeshore in Arkhangai province. The volcano is 2210 m above sea level. Rocks and canyons around the mountain are odd in shape and caves in it provide many shelters. The volcano crater with a width of 200 m, depth of 70-80 m and a slope of 30-36 degree is on extreme north. It is surrounded by 33 volcanoes. Rivers such as Suman, Gichgene and Chuluut flowing through the volcanoes make the zone attractive. White lake is located near the Khorgo volcano. It was formed by north and south Terkh Rivers which took its origin from Khangai Mountain Range in an area blocked by the volcano lavas. The lake is 16 km long, 6 km wide and 20 m deep. It is 2060 m above sea level covering 61 km square area. Over 10 rivers flow into the lake the largest of which is Terkh River. The only river takes its origin from the lake is Suman River which flows into Chuluut River after flowing for about 50 m. On the island in a middle of the lake birds lay eggs.Sports and nature image

Nightlife info

But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? On the other hand, we denounce with righteous indignation and dislike men who are so beguiled and demoralized by the charms of pleasure of the moment, so blinded by desire, that they cannot foresee.Nightlife image

Culture and history info

Central region has many historical sights , natural wonders in Mongolia's heartland, particularly in the Orkhon River Valley, which contains archaeological remains dating back several centuries. Few traces remain of Kharakhorum, the 13th-century capital of the Mongol Empire, but the nearby temple of Erdene Zuu was reputedly built from its ruins. The wall surrounding this vast monastery complex, which houses spectacular Buddhist art and architecture, is made up of over a hundred white stupas. Har Balgas, another vanished capital dating from the 9th century, shares the steppe with "deer stones" and ruined temples, all reminders of Mongolia's rich and fascinating history. KHARAKHORUM Kharkhorum was ancient capital of the Mongolia Empire in the 13th century; In 1220 Chinggis Khan chose to move his capital from Khentii to Karakorum. But Chinggis khan died in 1227. It was completed by Ugudei khan and served as a Mongolian capital until Khubilai khan moved the capital to nowadays Beijing. It was center of the political, economic and cultural, housing great palaces, mosques, churches and monasteries representing many of the world’s religions. In 13th century Kharakhorum was the biggest city in the world and it was link between east and west. After collapse of the Yuan Empire, Kharakhorum was destroyed by invading Chinese soldiers. The remains of the city were used a late 16th century to build Erdene Zuu Monastery. Today archaeological excavations have also uncovered a variety of interesting objects. Now it is Russian style small town and 373 km from Ulaanbaatar city. Kharkhorun town population is 8,977 (2003) and located at the lower end of the upper valley of the Orkhon River, which is part if the World Heritage Site Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape. ERDENE ZUU MONASTERY The monastery located in Kharakhorin small town of Uvurkhangai province. This monastery was built of stone walls remained in a ruin of Karakorum on an initiative of Avtai Sain Khan, a descendent of Chinggis Khan, in 1586. It is surrounded by a wall featuring 108 stupas, 108 being a sacred number in Buddhism, and the number of beads in a Buddhist rosary. Therefore, by 1792 there were 62 temples and over 500 buildings inside it. Later most of the buildings except only 18 temples were destroyed due to the religious purge. Monastery temples fine creations of Mongolian sculptors, artists, blacksmiths in the 17th century including freehand drawings, ornaments, sculptures, gilded gods, stupas, cauldron, incense burner, vessels, bell, ritual thunderbolt, circular disk with radial spokes inlaid in gemstones and mask-dance clothing. By the government resolution Erdenezuu monastery were listed as a unique valuable in the nation’s treasury fund. The monastery is now one of the tourist staples visited by about 20,000 people annually. KHUSHUU TSAIDAM MEMORIAL COMPLEX This sacred memorial complex dedicated to Bilge khan of Turkic empire, which flourished during the 6th-8th century, and his younger brother Kul-tegin is situated 40km northeast from Karakorum and 20km east from Ordubalik in Khashaat Soum, Arkhangai Aimag. Kul-tegin’s grandson, Iolug Tegin, had this memorial built. Bilge khan’s stele, well known as Orkhon Inscription, is 3,3m high, 1,3m wide and has 68 rows of inscription. Bilge khan, who was the latest king of Turkic empire, ruled its country for 19 years. During the excavation of the memorial in 31th of July, 2001, over 2000 finds were revealed and the most important one among them was a gemstone inlaid golden crown of Bilge khan. It was formerly an entire complex, but only this stele has been remained currently. There are over 40 runic steles in Mongolia and about 10 of them are located only in the Orkhon Valley. A trace of square burial protected by a parapet wall was in the complex. But this burial is considered to be an artificial one without a real human corpse which had a symbolic meaning. These memorials were recognized as a “cultural landscape” of the UNESCO World Heritage in 1996, although they had been destroyed much throughout its history of over thousand years. Culture and history image

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