Western Mongolia

Western Mongolia

Things to do - general

Western Mongolia is a region in Mongolia covering the provinces of Bayan-Ölgii, Hovd, Uvs, and Zavkhan. It is the most remote region of the country with paved roads from the capital Ulaanbaatar, ending 200 miles before reaching the eastern most point of Zavkhan. It is also the most ethnically diverse, mountainous, and scenic region of Mongolia, with thousands of years of history. The region is home to the Kazakhs, a Muslim tribe from near the Caspian Sea, and Oirats, or western Mongols, which can be divided into 10 different tribes, as well as Khalkhs, or eastern Mongols. In addition to the ethnic diversity, the region is home to the Altai Mountain Range, with the highest peaks in Mongolia, Lake Uvs, a large saltwater lake, and many smaller lakes, mountains, rivers, forests, and steppe. Spread throughout the region are countless archeological sites with petroglyphs, cave paintings, standing stone monuments, monasteries, and ancient forts that date back as far as 10,000 years

Country Mongolia
Languages spokenMongolia and Kazakh
Currency usedMongolian Tugrug
Area (km2)42283232.40 hectare

Sports & nature

ALTAI TAVAN BOGD NATIONAL PARK Altai Tavan bogd (Altai five saints) nature complex is a national park in Bayan-Ulgii province of western Mongolia. It covers 6362 square kilometers and is located south of Tavan Bogd, the highest mountain of Mongolia. It includes the lakes Khoton, Khurgan, and Dayan. The Huiten Peak is the highest point of Mongolia at 4374 meters above sea level. Besides Huiten peak, the mountain includes four peaks as Nairamdal, Malchin, Burged and Ulgii. The protected area is inhabited by some endangered animals such as the Snow leopard, Argali sheep, Ibex, Red deer, Beech marten, Moose, Snow cock, and Golden eagle. A stunning landscape of high glaciated snow capped mountains, alpine and sup-alpine forests, large lakes, rivers and streams, mountain grasslands, barren rocky mountain ranges and known to local Kazakhs as the region. UVS LAKE- ONE OF THE LARGEST INTACT WATERSHEDS IN CENTRAL ASIA The Uvs Lake covers an area of 70,000 km² and represents one of the best-preserved natural steppe landscapes of Eurasia. Here the world's most northern desert meets the world's most southern tundra zone. Several smaller lakes lie to the north of other inland seas of Central Asia, they are of key importance for waterfowl migration. Highly saline lake is the largest lake in Mongolia and at 759 m above is a sea level. Uvs Lake has a length of 84 km and a width of 79 km, with an average depth of 6 m. Its basin is separated from the rest of the Great Lakes Depression. The lake freezes over from October to May. In summer, it exhibits a temperature gradient from 25°C at the surface to 19°C at the bottom. 29 different species of fish have been counted in Uvs Lake. The lake water is supposed to be 5 times saltier than sea water. 38 rivers flow into the lake. Reeds, broom grass, scrub, bush, rushes, wicker and poplar grow along the lake shoreline. Many migrant birds like swan, snowy egret, spoonbill, sand-grouse, goose and yellow duck gather at the lake. The lake listed as a natural World Heritage Site in UNESCO In 2003. It was nominated as "one of the largest intact watersheds in Central Asia where 40,000 archeological sites can be found from historically famous nomadic tribes such as the Scythians, the Turks and the Huns. Sports and nature image

Nightlife info

One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin. He lay on his armour-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections. The bedding was hardly able to cover it and seemed ready to slide off any moment. His many legs, pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked. "What's happened to me?" he thought. It wasn't a dream. His room, a proper human room although a little too small, lay peacefully between its four familiar walls. A collection of textile samples lay spread out on the table - Samsa was a travelling salesman - and above it there hung a picture that he had recently cut out of an illustrated magazine and housed in a nice, gilded frame. It showed a lady fitted out with a fur hat and fur boa who sat upright, raising a heavy fur muff that covered the whole of her lower arm towards the viewer. Gregor then turned to look out the window at the dull weather. Nightlife image

Culture and history info

KAZAKHS Kazakh nomads have lived in the mountains and valleys of western Mongolia with their herds since the 19th century. They represent some 4% of the total Mongol population .The Kazakh culture differs in several ways from the Mongol culture. Traditionally the Mongolian Kazakhs are Muslims. One of their interesting tradition among Kazakh is they use golden eagle and falcons for their hunting. During winter months they take their Golden Eagles out to hunt for small animals for fur and meat. In the beginning of October, hunters from all over Bayan Ulgii province gather to celebrate this traditional skill and compete against each other challenges that show off the abilities of both birds and their trainers. Prizes are awarded for the fastest eagle, the best traditional Kazakh dress and more. Culture and history image

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Home Stay with Kazakh Family

Western Mongolia
Destination: Bayan-Ulgii province, Western Mongolia Highlights: Visit Kazakh families in their tradi More info
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